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Motif on a bullroarer, Baimuru, 1980.

Property of a Kinamere village woman (widow of a traditional carver).

Figure from Pie river, Gulf province. Ipiko group. A representation of Irivake, a mythical hero.

From Newton, D - New Guinea Art in the Collection of the Museum of Primitive Art, New York Graphic Society, New York, 1967, #103. Collection of the Museum of Primitive Art, New York, #63.19.

Figure from the Turama River area.

Collection of the University of Technology, Lae, PNG. Collected early 1970's.

For a similar form collected in 1961, see Newton, D - New Guinea Art in the Collection of the Museum of Primitive Ar", New York Graphic Society, New York, 1967, p 110, Kaiaimure figure.

Museum of Primitive Art, New York, collection #61.111.

Carved Gi figures from the Gogodala, Western Province.

After a carving in the Balimo longhaus, 1978.

Enlarged details, head of Gogodala figure, in the Balimo longhaus, 1978.

Gogodala crocodile effigy (Gi Lopala) or monitor lizard (Pasaiya). Aramia river, Western Province.

Animal appears to be devouring a clan ancestor.

See Crawford A L - Aida: Life and Ceremony of the Gogodala, The National Cultural Council of Papua New Guinea in Assocation with Robert Brown and Associates, 1981, p 341 #264 for similar figure.

Private collection, USA, collected 1978.

Gogodala monitor lizard (Pasaiya). Aramia river, Western Province.

Head of figure is shown devouring a clan father; the tail is bent back over the figure's anterior back, ending in a crocodile face finial.

See Crawford, A L - Aida: Life and Ceremony of the Gogodala, The National Cultural Council of Papua New Guinea in Assocation with Robert Brown and Associates, 1981, p 341 #267 and p 335 #227 for similar figures.

Small Gogodala head-dress, Aramia river, Western Province.

Collected in Balimo Cultural Centre, 1978. Private collection, USA.

Gogodala effigy (Gi Lopala). Its fat, square shape is unusual in Gogodala carving.

Collected in Balimo, 1978.

Private collection, USA.

Abstracted motif drawn from a three-dimensional Kakame figure.

Purchased in1980 from The John Bird Collection, Baimuru, Gulf Province. Now in a USA collection.

Incised patterns on a Kakame figure in The John Bird Collection, Baimuru, Gulf Province, 1980.

Large Gope from the Wapo Creek/Era River area.

Collected by Maurie Young form Island Carvings, Lae, PNG, 1974. Private collection, USA.

Motifs on a Gope from the Goaribari area , Kiemei village, Paibuna River.

Carved by Mabo Kanugu, a traditional carver of the village.

Motifs from a Papuan Gulf bullroarer.

The John Bird Collection, Baimuru, Gulf Province, 1980.

Carved steps, front and back of longhaus, Tethui village, Wapo Creek area, Gulf Province, 1980.
Carved steps and posts of the Gogodala, Balimo longhaus, Western Province, 1978.
Carved beam, Balimo longhaus, Western Province, 1978.
Impressions of Gogodala figures from carvings in the Balimo longhaus, 1978, Western Province.
Impressions of Gogodala figures from the carvings in the longhaus at Balimo, Western Province, 1978.
Carved Gogodala bird figures observed in Balimo, Western Province, 1978.

Enlargement of a motif on the tip of canoe paddle blade from the Goam River.

Private collection, USA. Purchased in 1958 from Father Materne, Catholic Mission, Annenberg.

Gulf Gope boards.
Gulf Gope board.

Motif from a bullroarer.

Purchased from The John Bird Collection, Baimuru, Gulf Province, 1980.

Gope from the Orokolo area of the Papuan Gulf.

Collected in 1974 by Maurie Young for Island Carvings, Lae, PNG.

Bioma figure in The John Bird Collection, Baimuru, Gulf Province, 1980.
Bioma figure in The John Bird Collection, Baimuru, Gulf Province, 1980.
Bioma figure in The John Bird Collection, Baimuru, Gulf Province, 1980.

Front and back views of a small figure in The Seized Collection, National Museum and Art Gallery of PNG, Port Moresby. Museum ref. #3E16388.

The figure is from the Baimuru area. It was rescued from the docks in 1972, before it could be illegally exported.

Bioma figure, Wapo Creek area.

Collected by Maurie Young for Island Carvings, Lae, PNG. Private collection, USA.

Bioma figure, Wapo Creek area.

Collected in 1974 by Maurie Young for Island Carvings, Lae, PNG. Private collection, USA.

Bioma and Gope from the Wapo Creek/Era River area.

Sketched from The John Bird Collection, Baimuru, Gulf Province, 1980.

Gope in Kinomere village, Urama Island, 1980.

Carved by Komo Aitavi in the Mid-1970's.

Gope image, Kikori delta area.

From The John Bird Collection, Baimuru, Gulf Province, 1980.

Gope image, Kikori delta area.

From The John Bird Collection, Baimuru, Gulf Province, 1980.

Gope dating from the early 1970's.

Collection of the University of Technology, Lae, PNG.

Gope, Urama Island.

Purchased in 1974 from the Island Carvings, Lae, PNG. Private collection, USA.

Urama Island Gope.

Collection of the University of Technology, Lae, PNG. Drawn by Jack Lowson, Department of Architecture, 1976.

Small Gope from the Wapo Creek area.

Purchased in 1974 from Maurie Young, Island Carvings, Lae, PNG. Private collection, USA.

Details of a Gope motif, on a board in The John Bird Collection, Baimuru, Gulf Province, 1980.
Fragment of Gope motifs in The John Bird Collection, Baimuru, Gulf Province, 1980.

Incised motifs on three drums.

Collection of the Business Development Office, Baimuru, Gulf Province, 1980.

Motif incised on a drum in Tetehui village, Wapo Creek area, Gulf Province, 1980.

Motifs from a Kikori delta area drum.

Collection of the Office of Business Development, Baimuru, Gulf Province,1980.

Composite drawing of the ceremonial houses of the Namau.

From Kaufman, C - Papua Niugini ein Inselstaat im Werden, Fuhrer durch das Museum fur Volkerkunde und Schweizerische, Museum fur Volkerkunde, Basel, 1975, #151, #152.

Both from the collection of the Museum fur Volkerkunde, Basel, Switzerland.

#151 is from a Paul Wirz photo of 1930 (FVb7466) and is also in Newton, D - Art Styles of the Papuan Gulf, Museum of Primitive Art, New York, 1961, #209.

#152 is a photo by P. B. Rautenfeld, 1925 (FVb5959). Another book states: Impressions of a Papuan Gulf longhaus from a Hurley photo of 1924. (Possibly the Kaumasi men's haus, 1930).

Era Delta/Wapo Creek longhaus skull rack.

From an early photo by P. B. Rautenfeld, 1925 (FVb5954 at the Museum fur Volkerkunde, Basel, Switzerland).

Also in Kaufman, C - Papua Niugini ein Inselstaat im Werden, Fuhrer durch das Museum fur Volkerkunde und Schweizerische, Museum fur Volkerkunde, Basel, 1975, #153.

Interior of a men's ceremonial house of the Wapo/Era district, 1930.

Adapted from Newton:, D - Art Styles of the Papuan Gulf, Museum of Primitive Art, New York, 1961, #25.

Also in Kaufman, C - Papua Niugini ein Inselstaat im Werden, Fuhrer durch das Museum fur Volkerkunde und Schweizerische, Museum fur Volkerkunde, Basel, 1975, #155.

Original photo by Paul Wirz, FVb7460 at the Museum fur Volkerkunde, Basel, Switzerland.

Drawing from an old photo of an Era Delta Agibe and Gope in a Gulf longhaus.

Photographed in 1930 by Paul Wirz, FVb7459 at Museum fur Volkerkunde, Basel, Switzerland.

Also in Kaufman, C - Papua Niugini ein Inselstaat im Werden, Fuhrer durch das Museum fur Volkerkunde und Schweizerische, Museum fur Volkerkunde, Basel, 1975, #156.

Skull rack figures, Paia'a, Omati River.

Newton, D - New Guinea Art in the Collection of the Museum of Primitive Art, New York Graphic Society, New York, 1967, #6.

Collection of the Museum of Primitive Art, New York, 1962, #62.88. (The rest of the description is undecipherable.)

Era Delta/Wapo Creek longhaus interior showing Gope.

From a 1923 photo by P. B. Rautenfeld, FVb5953 at Museum fur Volkerkunde, Basel, Switzerland.

Also in Kaufman, C - Papua Niugini ein Inselstaat im Werden, Fuhrer durch das Museum fur Volkerkunde und Schweizerische, Museum fur Volkerkunde, Basel, 1975, #154.